Section 9, Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996


Interim measures, etc. by court. -A party may, before or during arbitral proceedings or at any time after the making of the arbitral award but before it is enforced in accordance with section 36, apply to a court: -


(i) For the appointment of a guardian for a minor or a person of unsound mind for the purposes of arbitral proceedings; or


(ii) For an interim measure of protection in respect of any of the following matters, namely: -


(a) The preservation, interim custody or sale of any goods, which are the subject matter of the arbitration agreement;


(b) Securing the amount in dispute in the arbitration;


(c) The detention, preservation or inspection of any property or thing which is the subject-matter of the dispute in arbitration, or as to which any question may arise therein and authorising for any of the aforesaid purposes any person to enter upon any land or building in the possession of any party, or authorising any samples to be taken or any observation to be made, or experiment to be tried, which may be necessary or expedient for the purpose of obtaining full information or evidence;


(d) Interim injunction or the appointment of a receiver;


(e) Such other interim measure of protection as may appear to the court to be just and convenient,


And the Court shall have the same power for making orders as it has for the purpose of, and in relation to, any proceedings before it.

Section 37, Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996


Appealable orders. –


(1) An appeal shall lie from the following orders (and from no others) to the court authorised by law to hear appeals from original decrees of the court passing the order, namely: -


(a) Granting or refusing to grant any measure under section 9;


(b) Setting aside or refusing to set aside an arbitral award under section 34.


(2) An appeal shall also lie to a court from an order of the arbitral tribunal--


(a) Accepting the plea referred to in sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) of section 16; or


(b) Granting or refusing to grant an interim measure under section 17.


(3) No second appeal shall lie from an order passed in appeal under this section, but nothing in this section shall affect or take away any right to appeal to the Supreme Court.

Order 39 Rule 1, Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

Cases in which temporary injunction may be granted.- Where in any Suit it is proved by affidavit or otherwise—

(a) that any property in dispute in a suit is in danger of being wasted, damaged or alienated by any party to the suit, or wrongfully sold in execution of a decree, or

(b) that the defendant threatens, or intends, to remove or dispose of his property with a view to defrauding his creditors,

(c) that the defendant threatens to dispossess the plaintiff or otherwise cause injury to the plaintiff in relation to any property in dispute in the suit, the court may by Order grant a temporary injunction to restrain such act, or make such other Order for the purpose of staying and preventing the wasting, damaging, alienation, sale, removal or disposition of the property or dispossession of the plaintiff, or otherwise causing injury to the plaintiff in relation to any property in dispute in the suit] as the court thinks fit, until the disposal of the suit or until further orders.


Article 226, Constitution of India


Power of High Courts to issue certain writs –


(1) Notwithstanding anything in article 32 every High Court shall have power, throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction, to issue to any person or authority, including in appropriate cases, any Government, within those territories directions, orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari, or any of them, for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by Part III and for any other purpose.


(2) The power conferred by clause (1) to issue directions, orders or writs to any Government, authority or person may also be exercised by any High Court exercising jurisdiction in relation to the territories within which the cause of action, wholly or in part, arises for the exercise of such power, notwithstanding that the seat of such Government or authority or the residence of such person is not within those territories.


(3) Where any party against whom an interim order, whether by way of injunction or stay or in any other manner, is made on, or in any proceedings relating to, a petition under clause (1), without—


(a) furnishing to such party copies of such petition and all documents in support of the plea for such interim order; and


(b) giving such party an opportunity of being heard,


makes an application to the High Court for the vacation of such order and furnishes a copy of such application to the party in whose favour such order has been made or the counsel of such party, the High Court shall dispose of the application within a period of two weeks from the date on which it is received or from the date on which the copy of such application is so furnished, whichever is later, or where the High Court is closed on the last day of that period, before the expiry of the next day afterwards on which the High Court is open; and if the application is not so disposed of, the interim order shall, on the expiry of that period, or, as the case may be, the expiry of the said next day, stand vacated.


(4) The power conferred on a High Court by this article shall not be in derogation of the power conferred on the Supreme Court by clause (2) of article 32.


Article 227, Constitution of India


Power of superintendence over all courts by the High Court


(1) Every High Court shall have superintendence over all courts and tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction.


(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, the High Court may—


(a) call for returns from such courts;


(b) make and issue general rules and prescribe forms for regulating the practice and proceedings of such courts; and


(c) prescribe forms in which books, entries and accounts shall be kept by the officers of any such courts.


(3) The High Court may also settle tables of fees to be allowed to the sheriff and all clerks and officers of such courts and to attorneys, advocates and pleaders practising therein:


Provided that any rules made, forms prescribed or tables settled under clause (2) or clause (3) shall not be inconsistent with the provision of any law for the time being in force, and shall require the previous approval of the Governor.


(4) Nothing in this article shall be deemed to confer on a High Court powers of superintendence over any court or tribunal constituted by or under any law relating to the Armed Forces.